Copyright and Collecting Societies
Copyright focuses on a “work”, in music this will mainly be a “work of music“, defined as sequences of notes which constitute a “unique intellectual creation“. In addition to works of music, there are also “works of literature” in music, in other words a text to accompany a music composition.
In 2017 AKM reported 21,449 creators, 15% of whom are women, 1,582 copyright sucessor owners and 711 publishers.6 The Leistungsschutzgesellschaft LSG, as of 2017, has a membership of 18,412 interpreters and around 4,373 producers.7
Collecting societies are private institutions which manage copyrights or related rights on behalf of a large number of creators or owners of related rights with a view to joint exploitation.
grant licences for the exploitation of works, levy royalty fees
and distribute revenue according to fixed rules among the
creators and other rights holders. In Austria, as in the
European Union, collecting societies hold a monopoly (this not being
the case e.g. in the U.S.); there is, therefore, a collecting
society for each form of exploitation within a work category.
The collecting societies have concluded reciprocal agreements, so that the Austrian collecting societies can grant licences in Austria for nearly the worldwide repertoire, and vice versa, the Austrian repertoire can be licenced almost world-wide.
Info page on copyright and collecting societies: http://www.musicaustria.at/praxiswissen/urheberrecht-verwertungsgesellschaften/
Staatlich genehmigte Gesellschaft der Autoren, Komponisten und Musikverleger (AKM) registrierte Genossenschaft mit beschränkter Haftung & Tochtergesellschaft zur Wahrnehmung mechanisch-musikalischer Urheberrechte Gesellschaft m.b.H. (austro mechana)
Wahrnehmung von Leistungsschutzrechten Gesellschaft m.b.H.
Verwertungsgesellschaft für audiovisuelle Medien GmbH
Verwertungsgesellschaft Rundfunk GmbH