Apart from the self-organisation of authors, the most obvious change compared to the historical situation was the development of an independent Austrian publishing system. This makes reference not so much to a disconnect from German publishers, but rather to the fact that publishing houses run by the state, local government, public bodies and churches were increasingly replaced by private, independent publishers as from the 1970s.

The greatest support given to Austrian publishers was the subsidy system developed in 1992, which provided for subsidies to publishers with a literary and/or cultural programme. Another helpful measure was the conversion of the contractual fixed book price agreement into a binding law in 2000. The greatest step towards more public visibility for publishers and literary institutions came in 1995 with the organisation of a special section on Austria, the Österreich-Schwerpunkt, at the Frankfurt Book Fair.