Among a large and growing number of literature prizes in Austria awarded by non-public institutions, the Ingeborg Bachmann Prize, set up in 1976, is the single one central event that attracts strong media and public attention, since it is still broadcast live on Austrian television. When the prize was awarded to Tex Rubinowitz in 2014 and to the Berlin-based British author Sharon Dodua Otoo in 2016, it was evident that this represented a demonstrative opening of genre boundaries and a productive approach to diversity. Established in 2001, the Theodor Kramer Preis für Schreiben im Widerstand und im Exil (awarded to authors writing in a context of resistance or exile) introduced a historical/critical frame of reference; the prize is also designed to honour the attitude and fate of the awardee in the world of today.

The annual Österreichischer Buchpreis for newly released books was awarded for the first time in 2016 (endowed by the Federal Chancellery, the Federal Association of the Austrian Book Trade and the Vienna Chamber of Labour). The first award winner was Friederike Mayröcker.

For an overview see: